thickness. A Clockwork Orange is actually 360 pages because you

" (Burgess, 1962, 147). Here, Burgess shows the reader that conditioning, which worked but robbed Alex of his basic humanness, failed while the simple act of growing up eventually changed Alex on a much more permanent basis.

Clockwork Orange is full of examples of conditioning, and of behavioral psychology. It is presented in an overall negative light by Burgess, who held the view that conditioning robs man of his ability to choose, and thus robs him of his humanity and free will. While the conditioning concepts did "work" in the book, they worked too well, altering Alex's ability to fight for himself, enjoy music, literature, and even relations with others. In the end, it was the natural process of growth and change that altered Alex, not that of the meddling of psychologists. While this concept may not apply to all aspects of behavioral psychology, there is something to be said……

A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess

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... the Christian scriptures allow. Although Burgess considers one kind of clockwork orange inhuman, he does allow for another kind of clockwork orange that is human. Burgess's little Alex is a clockwork orange until he reaches maturity in the twenty-first chapter. Stanley ...

Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange, (London: Heinemann, 1962) p.105

... human nature, but very infrequently will a book be published that weaves these fields together as well as A Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess. In this Book Burgess speculated on the fact "the ...

Anthony Burgess novel, A Clockwork Orange, takes place in the near future where the
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12. Burgess, Anthony; A Clockwork Orange; Reclam, p.146.

Finally, it should be noted that anxiety and language can hamper communication between people of the identical culture if the context is not mutually understood. Anecdotally, this author once requested a copy of a Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess from an elderly man behind a counter in a small-town used bookstore who appeared to be the husband of the full-time owner, who was away. The kindly man squirmed a bit, stared blankly into space and repeated the words one at a time: "A" -- "clockwork" -- "orange?" he asked. It was clear he understood the mother tongue and the meanings of the individual words, but taken together, he did not understand them in their context as being a reference to a book and motion picture by the same name, highlighting the universal need for context in day-to-day communications with anyone from any culture.


As the globalization process continues to……

16. Burgess, Anthony; A Clockwork Orange; Reclam, p. 37.

The decision to choose between good and evil is one simple choice that separates a human from being a machine. Being unable to choose from the two is “…like little chellovecks made out of tin and with a spring inside and then a winding handle on the outside” (Burgess, 203). There comes a point in a man’s life where he stops being a machine and becomes something else entirely. In the book A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, the twenty-first chapter was excluded from the earlier publications, but then added to the latter ones; although the ending of chapter twenty provides beneficial lessons, the twenty-first chapter of A Clockwork Orange is a superior conclusion to the story as it shows character development and accomplishes the morals of the story.

21. Burgess, Anthony; A Clockwork Orange; Reclam, p. 37.

That's the central problem at the heart of A Clockwork Orange. It's a novel concerned less with roving street gangs of bloodthirsty youth than with what's left when the element of choice has been removed from a person's brain. Can people be truly moral without the ability to choose? Nope: Anthony Burgess argues that without choice, people exist outside of morals. Alex without the power of choice is even more amoral than Alex with the power of choice.